Resources have a negative influence on foreign policy in the Middle East
Last updated: March 2, 2017
Michael T. Klare argues that competition over natural resources such as oil, natural gas and water has sparked recent conflicts. Growing demand for natural resources and increasing debt in poor countries will lead to more intense conflict over regions with large natural resources in the future. This will have a substantial impact on the Middle East and in particular the Persian Gulf with Saudi Arabia, Iraq, the UAE, Kuwait, and Iran together holding two thirds of the world’s oil resources.
Oil = Rentier economies = weak internal cohesion
For these states perpetuating the resources that give their regime its legitimacy, as a provider, is absolutely vital, the regime needs to be able to fulfil its side of the bargain with the people. This forces these regimes into more extreme positions than they would otherwise take, for example they find it very difficult to move towards recognising Israel.[[Gerd Nonneman, ‘Rentiers and Autocrats, Monarchs and Democrats, State and Society: The Middle East between Globalisation, Human “Agency”, and Europe’, International Affairs, Vol.77, No.1 (Jan., 2001), pp.141-162, pp.146-147.]]
[[http://www.jstor.org/pss/20039536]] The solidarity between O.P.E.Countries is intact.[[http://www.opec.org/home/]] Besides, most Middle-Eastern Countries use solar,wind and hydro-power, on a very large scale. They would never have the 'need' to fight over fossil fuels.[[http://www.scidev.net/en/news/middle-east-and-north-africa-ideal-for-solar-powe.html]]
As far as the global political dynamic is concerned, IF Countries want oil, they should/will be nicer to O.P.E.C members, not fight wars. President Obama has pioneered a possible positive change in this attitude. It is likely that others in the West will follow suit.
America has many untapped oil reserves and again, since they won't need oil , they won't be compelled to fight over it(many say that they fought the Iraq War for oil, but it didn't get them oil and it got them a worse economy)May the Iraq War, be set as an example that keeps Countries from fighting over resources. [[http://www.alternet.org/world/79988/]]
Cause of conflicts
Allows economic aid
Brings in external powers