The American Pledge of Allegiance has been embroiled in controversy ever since the phrase "under God" was added by Congress in 1954, following a campaign by the Knights of Columbus to change it. The Pledge, as it was conceived initially by Francis Bellamy in 1892, did not include the phrase. It read


Violence against women is one of the most widespread human rights abuses affecting the world today. Every day, thousands of women and girls are abused and murdered by their families, raped in armed conflicts and attacked for defending woman's rights. [[http://www.amnesty.org.au/svaw/]] We must take


Today's motion is "Polygamous marriage should be recognised". As proposition we define this motion as: marriages that involve more than one spouse for a person, should be recognised as a legal practise. As more and more types of marriages start being accepted around the world, we start to question w


“ Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do. ” — Qur'an [24:30]
“ And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their mo


The war on terrorism that started after 9/11 is still ongoing. It goes through name changes but the core of the conflict remains the same; we are involved in a conflict against a nebulous group of terrorists. This is neither a war in the conventional sense, nor is it winnable in the conventional sen


In this debate, we focus on facilitating the efficiency of commerce in city centre, mostly Central Business District, and on reducing the urban pollution from its root, by not harming the basic necessity of the people, who are working and living in the city centre, about transportation.


When the term minority group is mentioned most people tend to picture a group of people who are disadvantaged because of their small numerical number in relation to a larger group but this is not always the case as the term minority group describes a category of people who have unequal access to pos


Young students eager to better themselves as people are facing crippling debts after they leave university unless they are born of a very wealthy family. This ensures that the wealth stays with the families who have always had it. Worse still is the number of young people denied the chance of univer


In his column on the BBC's website Professor Terence Stephenson has called for parents to be stopped from smoking in cars. If his calls were enacted it would be the latest in a long line of restrictions passed on smokers. But is it time to do away completley with the tradition of having a "ciggie" s


Plastic bags should be banned. Plastic is non-bio-degradable and thus causes pollution; as it cannot be recycled, burning plastic diffuses harmful smoke. Plastic also emits some radiation. Plastic bags can prove to be a choke hazard for small animals and people. Plastic water bottles are also though


Hostage taking media coverage, creates sympathy and dialogue for not only the hostages but the hostage-takers, who bring into light their political agenda and strife. They come out as victims/heroes and governments are portrayed as the bad guys who moved them to this 'desperate' criminal act. Govern


A large part of the human genome is owned by universities, private companies and governments. When scientists discover a gene, which human characteristic it controls, how it is activated and deactivated; they have to right to patent the gene. The ethics of gene patenting are questionable for several


Each person has a right to choose his or her preferences. You are not gay nor straight nor bisexual but simply choose as you wish. You choose who to have all types of relationships with, including those of a sexual nature. You could be sexually attracted to either gender at any time based on your cu


Should parents be super strict? Guiding their child towards high academic achievement, only allowing certain pastimes that are beneficial, which of course the child has to excel at, traditionally this is a musical instrument. Or should they be laissez faire? Allowing their child to find the things t


The Digital Economy Bill is about to be passed in the UK Parliament with almost no proper debate by MPs. This bill will allow a whole host of legal actions, including disconnection, to be taken against home and business internet users purely on the basis of an accusation. Should this bill, which was