Women in Parliament

Should the numbers of women in the legislature be raised artificially?

Women in Parliament
Yes because...

In ‘representative’ democracy it is vital that every part of the population be proportionately repre...

In ‘representative’ democracy it is vital that every part of the population be proportionately represented. The present lack of female voices in parliament symbolises the continuing unconscious male societal bias.

No because...

Representative democracy is there to represent the interests of every sector of the population, which may be done without MPs visibly being strictly representative. Why must women be represented but not every other sector of society -- and to ensure parliament exactly reflects demographic makeup is impossible.

Women in Parliament
Yes because...

Whilst is it possible for men to speak on women’s issues, some topics of debate (e.g. on family issu...

Whilst is it possible for men to speak on women’s issues, some topics of debate (e.g. on family issues) are still seen as less important than economics or foreign policy. Creating more female MPs would encourage more debates about social policy, and so do more to produce constructive legislation of relevance to real people’s lives.

No because...

This argument is more patronising -- it suggests that female MPs are only interested in ‘soft’ issues rather than hard political, economic or military policies. Margaret Thatcher in the UK, and Madeleine Albright and Condoleeza Rice in the USA show female politicians do deal with stereotypically ‘male’ issues.

Women in Parliament
Yes because...

Parliaments, particularly in Britain, have a reputation for needless argument rather than cooperatio...

Parliaments, particularly in Britain, have a reputation for needless argument rather than cooperation. Bringing women into political life would encourage a more mature, consensual style of politics, and so more constructive, thoughtful policymaking.

No because...

The style of political debate in a country has more to do with its customs and history than with the number of female politicians! The two-party, first-past-the-post structure of the electoral systems in the USA and UK encourages confrontational, negative campaigning. Countries with proportional representation and a tradition of coalition government may develop a different political culture. Furthermore, all-female election campaigns have shown that women are just as capable of arguments ad hominem as men are.

Women in Parliament
Yes because...

At present there is a vicious circle whereby women see no point in standing for parliament because i...

At present there is a vicious circle whereby women see no point in standing for parliament because it is viewed (however inaccurately) as a male-dominated institution. Positive discrimination would provide role models for future women MPs to follow; for that reason it need not be a permanent measure. Nor should it be seen as contrary to human rights legislation -- no one is preventing men from standing in elections. This measure would simply try to overcome the institutional sexism in the selection committees of the established political parties, which has for so long prevented a representative number of women from becoming candidates.

No because...

A true role model has to be admired. However, if people feel that a woman has been appointed simply for her gender rather than for her talents, then this will damage rather than enhance the status of female MPs. The Opposition are in favour of true meritocracy. The British Labour Party’s policy in the 1990s of discriminating in favour of women in selecting candidates for parliament was rightly found to be in breach of the Human Rights Act, being against the European Convention because it was unfair to potential male candidates.

Women in Parliament
Yes because...

Positive discrimination compensates women for the many years that they were excluded and placed in t...

Positive discrimination compensates women for the many years that they were excluded and placed in the political wilderness. ‘Meritocracy’ only works when candidates are starting from equal positions.

No because...

Merely glossing ‘positive’ discrimination does not hide the fact that it is still discrimination. The leaders of nations should be the best on offer -- equality is enough to compensate for past unfairness. Furthermore, women in the past did not have the same educational opportunities as men -- it is only the generation coming to maturity that did; and the balance of women in politics and business is likely naturally to rectify itself.

Women in Parliament
Yes because...

Whilst women have been involved in campaigns in the past, they remain under-represented at the polit...

Whilst women have been involved in campaigns in the past, they remain under-represented at the political centre to which most potential politicians aspire. Wrong as it may be to focus on central legislatures, that is still where most of the major decisions are made -- and made without women.

No because...

It is wrong to suggest that women can only enter politics via national parliaments. Throughout history, and at the present time, female agitation has proven effective through extra-parliamentary means: petitions, protests and campaigns. There is already undue focus on the small worlds of Westminster, Washington, Brussels, Paris, etc.



Women in Parliament

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